CLOSEUP OF the sculpture "MARACA-EL BOHIKE" (or "Bohique", a Taíno shaman. The wood, gourd and shell sculpture translates as "Bird Shaman", a reference to the ONE WHO DOES NOT BLINK or "The Bird-Watchman of the Cave of the Jagua" from the Taíno Creation Story): These are items from Columbus' Caribbean Encounter of 1492 that were taken to some of the world's other Tropical and Temperate Zones (Africa, Asia & Europe) by the Spanish and Portuguese. These items from the Tropical Americas became parts of Anansi stories in the Caribbean sometime during the 16th to 17th Centuries with the increased arrival of Africans, especially from West Africa.
G = Sweet Potato: The Taíno called this tuber, "batata" (one of 6 varieties known as aniguamar, atibuniex, guaraco, guacara, cayca and quananagax), the source of the English word "potato", a Tropical American endemic plant that was also transported to the Pacific cultures centuries before Columbus arrived in the Caribbean in 1492 and later, by the British to the American South.. Some historians theorize that the sweet potato was introduced to the Pacific side of the Americas by ancient mariners to those tropical islands. The Taíno roasted of grated this sweet tuber to either make a drink or an alcoholic beverage or wine (vino, as the Spanish called it). This fermented drink, also combined with grated yuca/casava, along with women's saliva to start fermentation, is also called chicha in South America, an alcoholic drink similar to that made from corn/maize in North America. H = Maize/corn: Maize is from the Spanish maiz (mah-is) from the Taíno "maisi" (mah-he-see) a grain that the English called "Indian corn", since in Old English, "corn" means "grain" (wheat or barley). Seen by Columbus growing in Taíno gardens in 1492, then exported to Europe, Africa and Asia. The plant may have been brought to Jamaica by ancient Amerindians from Mexico where it was "invented" by ancient indigenous Mexican horticultural Americans.
I = Pumpkin: One of three endemic American plants grown together on a mound of soil that the Taíno called a "conuco" (See Anansi and the Yam Hills). The Taíno, like Native Americans in North America, grew maize, beans and pumpkins (squash) that indigenous North Americans call "The Three Sisters". This practice, seen in Anansi and the Yam Hills story grew three plants together to create interdependent soil nutrients, a corn stalk for beans tho climb and pumpkin/squash on the ground to deter weeds. J = Cigar: Both tobacco, a n ancient sacred herb, (only used for spiritual reasons) and the cigar were first seen by Columbus in Cuba in 1492. Not used for pleasure by Native Americans, the practice was exported to the Eastern Hemisphere (Europe, Africa & Asia) and became a habit-forming addiction.